• Groce, G.; & Wallace, D. (1957), 'The New York Historical Society’s Dictionary of Artists in America 1564/1860’, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America.

  • (28 April 1859), Melbourne Herald.

  • (18 April 1857), My Notebook.

  • Darragh, T.A., 'Directory of nineteenth century engravers and lithographers working in Victoria’, (Manuscript).

  • Woodhouse, H. (1889), 'The Victorian pioneers of litho-drawing and engraving’ 1889’, La Trobe Collection, State Library of Victoria, Melbourne, VIC (Typescript).

  • Information sourced from Thomson, J.

  • Information sourced from Chapman, W.

  • Information sourced from Downer, C.

  • Information sourced from Bruce, C.

  • Thieme, U.; & Becker, F., 'Allgemeines Lexikon der Bildenden K√ľnstler’, Leipzig, Germany : 37 volumes, 1907-50.

Initial data sources

  • The Dictionary of Australian Artists: painters, sketchers, photographers and engravers to 1870