• Davies, Alan & Stanbury, Peter (1985), 'The Mechanical Eye in Australia: Photography 1841-1900’, Oxford University Press, Melbourne, Vic.

  • Statton, J. (1986), 'Biographical Index of South Australians 1836-1885’, Adelaide, SA.

  • (1858), Howell’s Adelaide Directory.

  • Noye, R.J. (2007) ‘Dictionary of South Australian Photography 1845-1915’, Art Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide. CD-ROM.

  • Robinson, Julie and Zagala, Maria (2007), 'A Century in Focus: South Australian Photography 1840s to 1940s’, Art Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide.

Initial data sources

  • The Dictionary of Australian Artists: painters, sketchers, photographers and engravers to 1870
  • Photohistory of SA, Art Gallery of South Australia